Grammar JLPT N4: V-てくる V-te kuru

February 19, 2023

The addition of the verb くる ‘kuru’ after a verb in ~て form indicates a change in a direction toward the speaker that has been taking place up to now, or has just started.


● to do something and come back

● to begin to change


V-てくる・きます ・きた・きました

● V-te kuru / kimasu / kita / kimashita


●  to do something and come back


Otto wa pan o katte kita.

My husband went to buy bread (and came back).

to begin to change


Yuki ga futte kita.

It has begun to snow.


Suugaku no benkyou ga muzukashiku natte kita.

Studying maths has become more difficult.

Related Expression: V-ていく V-te iku

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